Facts About Architects

Architects are qualified professionals capable of designing new buildings, and remodeling of old buildings. Architects use their creation and drawing tools to design attractive, functional, and secure buildings. Construction of a building consistently needs architects to adapt the design considering budget, clients’ requirements, and environmental factors. Architects have to work with the entire construction staff and other professionals, including civil engineers, electrical engineers, and public health engineers, interior designers, and even landscape designers.

Architects can also play multiple roles, providing interior design, decoration, landscape designing, and even construction on turnkey basis.

Qualification of Architects

5 to 7 years of academic studies in architecture is required. The architecture includes different subjects, like a design, drafting, graphics, materials and construction, history of architecture, environmental studies, mechanics, structure, landscape, and interior design.

After graduation, the architect has to get registered with the concerned department to get the license for practicing architecture as a professional. However, every country has its own laws different from another country.

After graduating, an architect can further get specialization in any subject to get the degree in Masters, MPhil or Ph.D. Higher degrees can help architects get high salary jobs in universities, colleges, and research centers.

Essential Skills for Architects

• Written and oral skills in communication

• Excellent imagination and ability to bring imagination to paper through creative work

• An ability to begin and end a project in a professional way

• Ability to meet challenges during construction

• Having great skills in making drawings, both manually and using CAD

• An ability to understand project details

• Ability to manage the entire project

• Ability to lead a team of professionals and labor

• Well versed in latest software programs

• Ability to complete a project within the contract time, and within budget

Duties of an Architect

• Designing of buildings, and converting the design to paper through drawings, manually and using AutoCAD, (drawing software).

• Liaising with engineers, quantity surveyors, and construction staff

• Buildings’ planning according to local bylaws and getting approval of design from concerned authorities

• Making documents like presentation reports, proposal writing and contracts

• Making BOQs or bill of quantity with specifications

• Making changes in their design according to construction needs

• Leading a team, including cad operators, junior architects, interior designers, contractors, and construction managers

• Ensure high-quality construction. Frequent meetings with the clients at clients place.

Work Hours

Though different architecture firms follow 9 am to 5 pm timings from Monday to Friday, but architects often work late evenings and even nights due to urgent projects or limited deadlines. Architects have to pay overtime to their staff in case of longer working hours.

Salaries of Architects

Salary of an architect varies depending on the architecture firm. But, in general, salary structure depends on architect’s experience and his skills. Like, a salary of a junior architect is less than the senior architect.

Industries that Hire Architects

• Small or large private firms

• Public sectors

• Government sectors

• Large construction firms

• Engineering firms

• Landscape firms

• Interior design firms

• Teaching institutes and universities

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Computer Game on Mars; Design for Communication Device

As the pictures from the Mars Rover and the Mars Satellites come back in greater detail we will begin to see computer video games, which will have the Martian Surface as their backdrop. These computer video games are becoming more and more defined and realistic. NASA themselves have put together virtual reality and augmented reality settings to train astronauts and the CAVE Institute has also been gather data sets and digital pictures and video to make VR Mars experiences a reality here on Earth. Currently there are over 1.6 million digital high quality pictures of the Martian Surface which have been beamed back to Earth and this is enough to make a super Xbox 360 experience for you in your own living room your new Plasma High Definition TV.

One of the challenges now to go with that backdrop is to design realistic components, space surface vehicles astronaut suits, space habitats and devices, such as hand held communication devices that the video game characters will use. Now then this will take a little extra thought, as it is important for video programmers to stay ahead of the game. First off these astronauts will not be holding in their hands anything looking as silly as a cellular phone. Chances are they will communicate via devices on their neck which will sense the vibrational movements of their vocal cords and send them via voice activated sound or directly to a device in their fellow astronauts ear or a tiny microchip inside the ear near the ear bones, which will run off the electromagnetic induction of a miniaturized unit catching pulse and brain waves to power it up. So to be realistic as a gamming programmer you need to be thinking here.

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3 Reasons Why to Hire a Show Band and a Tribute Artist

If the median age of your executive team is 27, Elvis entering the room probably isn't going to have an impact on the masses. Unless of course, he arrives with Taylor Swift!

When show-stopping tribute artists walk into a fully entertained room full of executives, there may be a slight stir near the back of the room. If the tribute artist has a microphone, he might enter as the band 'plays his song'. The words lilting above the music, rising in volume as he walks toward the stage. People in the audience will notice as he walks past, shaking hands, smiling, making his way through the crowd. And then …

He introduces his best friend … The one who has known his secret for the past forty years, the boss. The boss and the tribute artist have a short exchange midway through the song – the band takes a break – and conversation continues. The team building begins, as those attending this event get a glimpse of the fun, entertaining, and even exciting exchange of personal discussion becomes the figurative most memorable moment of the entire weekend.

As the music picks up, a second tribute artist enters the room, dancing through the crowd, singing her number one hit, and the evening explodes with transformational energy, taking what was a weekend training session to a new level. A motivational high, made memorable by the voices and appearances of celebrity show-stopping tribute artists. Your event just became the talk of the season.

1 – Never Settle for Less Than The Best

Top-shelf Cover Bands know how to fill up the room, keep the energy flowing, and motivate a crowd to action with the right songs, the best music, and on-stage dance routines designed to entice dancers on to the dance floor. Your team won't be able to resist adding their moves to the motion of the room. Energy becomes motivation, and life outside the room takes a break while your team takes an opportunity to become better friends, and build life-long relationships.

2 – Ice Breaking Themed Presentation Matters

Show bands offer so many opportunities to blend top 40 tunes with theme planned events, period swing music, and polished performances. Adding a tribute artist to a show band presentation, keeps the action going during breaks, and motivates your attendees to become part of the show. Everyone wants to meet the tribute artist! Make a memory with key recognition factors, celebrity status, and lifetime favorite memories.

3 – Let the Rat Pack Dominate Your Presentation

Filling up the show band break time with a meeting of Dean Martin and Marilyn Monroe might seem over-the-top in some circles, but not yours. Your audience deserves the best. Memories that stroll into a room, dance off into the night, and lead them back in time to an event that will motivate them for years to come. Your event will never be forgotten.

Elvis has not left the room …

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Payday Loan Lender: Limit Your Use To Make Payments More Affordable

Applying for payday loans to help with budget failures can often lead to overuse. It is never good practice for a borrower to owe money to several payday loan lenders all at the same time. Between the finance charges and the balances due for each of the loans, your next few paychecks will carry a heavy burden.

Credit challenged applicants need to understand that there is a clear difference between owing money to creditors and short-term lenders. A direct lender is not in the revolving account business and unless you deal with a lender who processes installment payday loans, your payment is expected in full including fees by the time you get your next paycheck. With every other household bill and payments to every creditor how much money will you have left? Too often credit challenged folks turn to the short-term loan lenders for food and gas money or to recoup from paying another safe payday loan off. This is a tough cycle to get out of. You have to make on-time payments, so how do you ever get out from under the carpet of debt? One thing for certain is that you cannot get out of debt while still making debt. You have to take a stand against using any more credit cards or fast cash loans to make ends meet.

Minimum payments will not get rid of debt any time soon. All it will do is continue to drain your bank account while you dish out finance charges with every payment. It is important to focus on the one loan that costs the most and knock it out of your budget portfolio. It makes the most sense to get rid of high interest rate debt first. This will often point to paying payday loan lenders in storefronts or online first. You may have creditors that charge similar or possibly higher rates, but the short terms on a payday loan make finance charges happen more often. Minimum payments break the bank one small payment at a time. You can’t blame financial woes only on the debt.

Creditors will send you a bank statement. Do you open it or place it on the desk to take care of another day? Do you answer the calls from a direct lender? Chances are that they may call you to remind you of your upcoming due date. Unless you have not paid the bill, you don’t have anything to avoid. If you have missed the due date or your payment was returned insufficient funds, it is good to accept their call or read any communications they send. It is always best to make arrangements with the company directly. The last thing you want is debt in default. There will come a point that a borrower’s debt will get sold off to collections. You know those companies that call and send countless emails and letters trying to collect on your debt. Collections agencies are no fun to deal with never mind the damage default debt will do to your credit report. When you get a call from your creditor or direct payday loan lender accept it and work something out. It is much better for you in the long run.

Don’t use third party money for the wrong reasons. Extending your purchasing power is not a good enough reason to add debt to you plate. Make sure to leave these options for those emergency moments when unplanned expenses interfere with your budgeted plan. Multiple payments end up not being as convenient as spending the cash in the first place. Think it through and make the smart decision for your budget.

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Buying Health Insurance Through a Broker

In its most simple definition, a health insurance broker (also commonly known as an agent) is someone who is licensed to sell health insurance. However, there are many other services they provide you that fall under the umbrella of selling health insurance. Here are some of the most important:

  1. Perhaps the most important fact to know about working with an agent is that it’s free. Insurance agents are paid by insurance carriers, not by consumers. So don’t worry about having to pay some service fee for signing up for a plan with an agent, because it will cost you nothing more than if you were to do it yourself
  2. Health insurance is confusing, and an agent will explain it to you until it makes sense. Ask all the questions you want, that’s what they’re there for. Want to know what your coinsurance will be on a certain plan? Want to know what coinsurance even means? Ask away!
  3. An agent can help you compare plans that you’re interested in. When you let an agent know what it is you’re looking for, they will narrow down your possibilities and explain the benefits of each. They can check to see if your doctors and preferred medical facilities are in-network, and they can just to see if any prescriptions you take are covered (and how much).
  4. Your agent is your agent as long as you have your policy. This means that you have someone you can contact when you have questions or even when you want to shop around for a new plan. You’ve got someone in your corner, as opposed to just winging it and picking out a plan on your own.

Because I’m sure you don’t want to be here reading all day, those are only a few of the biggest benefits of using a licensed agent to buy health insurance. That’s not even including how much time and frustration an agent can save you (we’ll save that for another article!).

To make it even more convenient for you, many brokers have the ability to access plans that are both on and off-exchange (government-run Marketplaces for health insurance). This provides you with even more options. Additionally, for agents who can access on-exchange plans, they can also determine your subsidy eligibility that can lower your premium and out-of-pocket expenses. Again, saving you yet another headache.

The next time you need to enroll in or change a health plan, keep a licensed agent in mind- it won’t cost you anything, but it will certainly save you a lot.

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The Reasons Why You Should Write A Business Plan

You may ask, “Why write a business plan?” Well the answer is, “If you know where you are going you have a much better chance of getting there.”

There are two main reasons why a home business owner might want a Business Plan and they are:

  1. To have a clear defined focus on what their business is about
  2. To give a lender confidence that the owner knows what they are doing, what they are going sell, how they are going to go about it, knows about their competition, has planned their marketing and other details that are in the plan

As we know being in business is harder today than it ever has been so the person who has given fore thought to their business is going to be the winner.

As well as that if that person wants to borrow money then they have a much greater chance of getting it if the lender can see that this is not going to be a fly-by-night business but one that has had a lot of planning and research given to it.

A very high percentage of small businesses fail in the first 5 years and usually it comes down to lack of planning and/or lack of finance.

To convince a lender to give you money you need to be able to prove to them that you know what you are doing and what you plan to do in the next 5 years.

The Reason For Doing A Business Plan

When you have done your plan you should know the answers to all these queries:

– what is your proposed business all about

– how well do you know your intended business

– what business structure you will use

– your finance situation

– what budget you are going to work to and who will do your bookkeeping

– who your competition is and what they are doing

You also:

– know the legal obligations of the business

– have a marketing plan

– have a rough guideline for the next 5 years

– have worked out how you can pay back any monies that you borrow.

I am sure you can see from this list that there is a lot to consider when making up a business plan and you can also see why a lender would want you to have one if you are planning on starting a small business on their money.

A marketing plan is also a very important one to have made up and you should take a copy of the Marketing Plan with you when you approach your lender so that, one you are going to market, and two, how you are going to go about it.

To sum up, before committing yourself to anything in your small home based business you should put a Business Plan and Marketing Plan together for your own benefit and for the benefit of a lender and any possible future partner or landlord if you decide to take the business away from home.

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Is Sleep Hygiene A Sufficient Treatment For Sleep Maintenance Insomnia?

Insomnia is a therapeutic situation, exemplified with abnormality in sleep timings and quality of sleep. It is a difficulty countenance by lots of people all across the world. On the other hand, there are quite a lot of natural remedies and medications, where the treatment usually spotlights on the holistic come up within reach of an individual, that endeavor to cure the disease targeting the whole body of an individual, that too physically as well as psychologically.

Natural remedies for insomnia are trying to cure all those factors, which outcomes to sleeplessness along with that induces the activated factors related to sleep. Presently, there are two main types

* Sleep onset insomnia

* Sleep maintenance insomnia

These both are exemplified as per to there disparity in the sleeping activities. The motive that insomnia is now ranging from psychological mayhem to personal lifestyle factors including strain, nervousness, hypertension, certain psychiatric problems, substantial impairments, proper food intake deficiency, hormonal disparity, as well as some of the environmental factors also lead to insomnia disease. Chronic Insomnia is a disease demanding serious consideration as well as long time healing while transient insomnia can be cured effectively by natural remedies by keeping yourself away from the abrupt stress as well as motivating triggering aspects. Natural remedies comprises of herbal remedy, behavioral therapy, recreational techniques, high-quality lifestyle habits, as well as the most important and most effective treatment of ideal sleeping schedule and its related hygiene.

Performing of an ultimate way of life is the most important step in natural medication. Steer yourself clearly from the intake of alcohol as well as other unsafe alkaloids like caffeine, or nicotine, they might be a cause in disturbing your sleep. Put into practice good and timely sleep hygiene which is required by you in your routine along with that you must take care of your wake up time, the room in which you are sleeping must be well ventilated, having convenient bedding plan, as well as avoid bedroom at noisy place such as next to road, also avoid disturbances by powerful lights. The planning of bed room plays a significant role in giving you quantity and quality sleep; you can even adopt some of the traditional methods like Feng Shui, to assemble the room as well as use of pastel colors for garnishing, which aids you to poise the power level of your bed room.

Put into practice an adequate and essential balanced diet, which involves sufficient nutrients from all aspects. It is proven that the appropriate amount of iron as well as magnesium intake in food is required for a sound and quality sleep, in view of the fact that they proceed as significant co-factors.

Keep yourself away from profound meals, only at night or prior to sleep. Prefer to intake supper at least before going to bed or anytime at night. Try to boast sleep induced from herbal tea or few drinks such as warm milk, prior going to sleep. Remember that sleep hygiene is the sole and most appropriate treatment for insomnia.

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Does the Father’s Diet Affect Or Influence Your Baby’s Gender?

I sometimes have people contact me and ask what the father-to-be should be eating if the couple are trying to conceive a girl or a boy baby. Examples are things like: “what should my husband be eating or including in his diet if we’re trying to conceive a girl?” Or, “we want a boy baby. What types of foods should the man avoid to keep us from getting pregnant with a girl baby?” I will try to answer these types of questions in the following article.

A Man Who Is Trying To Conceive Should Have A Balanced And Healthy Diet: It’s well known that men who are trying to conceive should avoid tight underwear, hot tubs and saunas, and drugs. The reason for this is that all of these things affect the health and volume of the man’s sperm. A healthy diet goes along with this. A man should eat a balanced and healthy diet in order to ensure healthy sperm. However, his diet does not affect baby gender (or whether you have a boy or a girl) in the same way that the woman or mother-to-be’s diet does.

The Man Or Father’s Diet Is Important. But It Doesn’t Affect Whether You Have A Boy Or A Girl Like The Mother’s Diet Does: It’s reasonably well known that the mother-to-be’s diet can have an affect on her baby’s gender. Women who eat a more acidic diet raise their odds of conceiving a girl, while those who consume a more alkaline diet raise their chances of having a boy.

The reason for this is that these changes in diet also change or affect the woman’s vaginal environment and PH. If that environment is alkaline, it’s more friendly to the Y or boy producing sperm. If it’s acidic, it’s very tough on those same Y sperm but friendly to the X’s (or those that produce girl babies.)

So, it makes sense to wonder if these same things are true when the father or man’s diet is acidic or alkaline. The most persuasive question would probably be one like: if a man consumes acidic foods, does this mean he has more X or girl producing sperm? And, if he consumes an alkaline diet, does this give the boy sperm an edge or an advantage?

There’s no evidence to suggest this. In fact, there have been studies to see if men who helped conceive more of one gender over another contained more of one type of sperm chromosome. In other words, men who had all boys were tested to see if they had more Y sperm chromosomes. And men who conceived girls were screened to see if their sperm contained a higher number of X’s. The studies showed that this wasn’t the case. In fact, most of the men had roughly the same number of X’s and Y’s throughout.

Focusing On The Mother’s Diet, Her Timing, And Sexual Positioning: There’s no question that you can and should control what you can when it comes to the father’s diet. Healthy foods can contribute to healthy sperm. But in terms of choosing an acidic or alkaline diet, this is best accomplished with the woman or mother to be. These changes can have an affect on whether the couples conceives a boy or a girl.

Another thing to consider is the timing of when that same conception occurs. Conception that happens before the woman’s ovulation is timing that makes a girl more likely. Conceiving after ovulation favors a boy. The sexual positions that you use can make a difference also. But, when you are dealing with two healthy parents and you combine all three methods (diet, timing, and positioning,) this is when you give yourself the best chance to influence your baby’s gender as a couple.

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Interesting Career Prospects for Revit Practitioners

With the building and construction industry worldwide moving towards using building information modelling (BIM) approach for designing, documentation, construction, and facility maintenance, proficiency in BIM tools and applications is becoming a sought-after skill in the modern AEC workforce. Whilst there are several applications that enable BIM, Autodesk Revit is one of the powerful tools used by reputed architects, structural engineers, and MEP engineers worldwide.

Architectural, engineering, and construction management students and professionals proficient in Revit have a greater scope to succeed in the modern AEC industry compared to those who are just specialised in 2D CAD technologies. As the crucial industry stakeholders in India and worldwide push towards transitioning to smart BIM technologies, interesting prospects related to BIM jobs are poised to open up. Autodesk certified candidates with medium to advanced level proficiency in executing Revit jobs can seek the following career advancement opportunities:

1. Revit Modeller (Architecture)

Candidates with 2 to 5 years of hands-on experience in working with Revit Architecture can enter architectural firms or design outsourcing firms as Revit Modellers (Architecture). An important aspect of the profile will certainly include conversion of 2D/3D AutoCAD drawings/models into Revit BIM files and reusable Revit families. For this, the incumbents should be well versed in BIM concepts and an exposure to other related architectural tools (not necessarily BIM tools) including AutoCAD, Navisworks, and GRAPHISOFT ArchiCAD. Excellent visualisation skills and experience of working with diverse projects of simple to complex nature is invaluable.

2. Revit Modeller (MEP / HVAC)

Professionals having mid-level experience of using Revit MEP for modelling MEP and HVAC systems can take the opportunity to work as Revit Modeller (MEP / HVAC) for building systems design consultants or MEP design outsourcing firms. For the incumbent to be successful in this role, he/she should have an in-depth know-how of HVAC and mechanical services systems generally adopted in commercial, residential and mixed-use facilities. As far as software proficiency is concerned, barring Revit MEP the candidate should ideally have exposure to modelling in applications, such as CADDuct and CADMEP+.

3. Project Manager (Revit)

Project Manager (Revit) would be an ideal profile for Revit practitioners with 5 – 10 years of experience in implementing BIM standards using the Revit platform. The role requires coordination with the client’s design team, setting BIM execution plans, and distributing individual/federated BIM models to the production team using Revit worksharing capabilities. He/she would need to train the project team on client’s BIM standards whilst keeping a tight control on the Revit BIM model by overseeing day-to-day tasks. A crucial aspect of this profile would demand prompt resolution of any technical issues related to the master model. Besides Revit, an in-depth understanding of clash detection tools, such as Navisworks proves beneficial.

4. Revit Coordinator

The Revit Coordinator position is ideal for a candidate having more than 5 years of hands-on experience of working with popular CAD and BIM applications. His/her key role is to control and monitor design information exchange between clients and project team members using face-to-face and virtual BIM coordination meetings. Familiarity with multidisciplinary design projects (residential, commercial, and mixed-use) is important along with an ability to conduct quality reviews of federated models and construction documentation. He/she has the responsibility of understanding the BIM objectives of the client and maintaining the BIM model’s integrity to meet the required design and regulatory standards.

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Avoid the Cyber Threat by Using a Safe Programming Language

The Problem

Since the existence of networked, automated information systems, the so-called “Cyber-Threat” has been known to be a major security and business continuity risk. One of the very first worms, the “Morris-Worm”, destroyed the e-mail infrastructure of the early internet. The Cyber Threat is not thoroughly understood even by many executives of the software industry, and the situation amongst the software user community is even worse. An Asian nation-state actor recently subverted the Google Mail login system by exploiting a weakness in internet explorer used by Google employees. The same Asian nation state is also suspected to have illegally downloaded the full design blueprints of the largest European jet engine manufacturer.

The Cyber Threat is real and may have grave long-term consequences for those at the “receiving end” of a cyber attack.

The Solution

Unfortunately there is no “silver bullet” solution to this problem. Rather, a holistic solution comprising technology, business processes, user education and security rule enforcement must be employed to properly secure valuable data. The determined support of the CEO, CIO and CFO is clearly required to achieve that. CFOs understand that there exist strategic business risks, which are very difficult to be quantified in monetary terms, but they know that these risks might kill the whole business if left un-addressed. For example, criminal accounting practices of mid-level managers could kill any company, so the CFO will have to ensure the books are regularly audited by an independent authority. The same amount of diligence will be required to secure the confidential data of companies against the Cyber Threat.

This article is about a key aspect of defending against the Cyber Threat – securing software. It is important to note that, again, there is no “silver bullet” to secure a critical software system, but many of today’s security flaws (such as “Buffer Overflow Exploits”) could be avoided simply by using a Safe Programming Language. This kind of programming languages will make sure that low-level Cyber Attacks are automatically thwarted by the system infrastructure.

What is a “Safe Programming Language”?

As with many subjects in information technology, there is no authoritative definition of the term. Salesmen and consultants bend the term to suit their needs. My definition is simple: A Safe Programming Language (SPL) assures that the program runtime (such as the heap, stack or pointers or machine code) cannot be subverted because of a programming error. An SPL will make sure that a process will immediately terminate upon detecting such a low-level error condition. The Cyber Attacker will not be able to subvert the program runtime and “inject” his own, malicious program code. The programmer can then inspect the “remains” of the terminated process (such as a core file) in a useful manner to analyze and rectify the programming error.

Examples of Safe Programming Languages (in alphabetical order): C#, Cyclone, Java, Sappeur, SPARK Ada, Modula-3, Visual Basic.Net

Examples of Unsafe Programming Languages (in alphabetical order): Ada, Assembly Language, C, C++, Fortran, Modula-2, (Object-)Pascal

What should I do as a Programmer?

Whenever you start a new software development project, select a Safe Programming Language, instead of chosing the “industry standard” of unsafe languages like C or C++. There exist high-performance languages like Cyclone, Modula-3 and Sappeur, which can compete with C/C++ in terms of memory and processing time requirements. Don’t think that you are “one of the few programmers who can write bug-free code”.

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